The Conflict in the Central African Republic
As one of the world’s ongoing conflicts, the situation in the Central African Republic (CAR) is characterised by its complexity and violent nature. While the conflict is often described as a clash between Christian and Muslim groups, the underlying motives are far more convoluted. Furthermore, years of fighting between numerous factions have resulted in more than half of the CAR’s population being in dire need of humanitarian aid and almost 400.000 being internally displaced. Efforts by the international community, manifested in a UN peacekeeping force and a French mission, amongst others, have so far not succeeded in bringing about a sufficient degree of stability. The UNSC has to discuss which measures it can take in order to maintain peace and security in the CAR and the region.
The Security Council consists of 15 members and its primary responsibility is the maintenance of international peace and security. Each Member has one vote. Under the Charter, all Member States are obligated to comply with Council decisions. It’s members are comprised of the five permanent states: China, Russia, UK, USA, and France. The other ten states rotate annually and as such, have a non-permanent status. The Security Council takes the lead in determining the existence of a threat to the peace or act of aggression. It calls upon the parties to a dispute to settle it by peaceful means and recommends methods of adjustment or terms of settlement. In some cases, the Security Council can resort to imposing sanctions or even authorize the use of force to maintain or restore international peace and security.