Coral Reef Protection
Housing over 9 million species, the coral reef ecosystems play a key role for marine biodiversity. However, over 25% of the world’s coral reefs have already been damaged beyond repair and numerous issues, such as overfishing and global warming, are further deteriorating the situation. In order to tackle this problem, delegates are expected to come up with strategies to increase cooperation on the topics of sustainable fishing practices, the creation of Marine Protected Areas and waste dumping, amongst others. Such action by the international community is essential to avoid damage to healthy coral reefs and aid damaged reefs recover.
The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) was created in 1972 after the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment in Stockholm. The UNEP is the leading global environmental authority and is responsible for setting the global environmental agenda, promoting the coherent implementation of the environmental dimension of sustainable development within the United Nations system and for serving as an authoritative advocate for the global environment.
Its work encompasses the assessment of regional and national environmental conditions and trends, the development of international and national environmental instruments and the strengthening of institutions for the wise management of the environment