The General Assembly is the main deliberative, policymaking and representative organ of the UN, established in 1945 under the charter of the United Nations. All 193 members states of the United Nations are members of the General Assembly with equal representation. The Assembly acts as a forum for multilateral discussions on a wide array of international issues covered by the UN Charter. The Assembly also plays a significant role in the process of standard-setting and the codification of international law. The General Assembly meets at annual sessions, the main parts lasted from September to December each year, and thereafter as required.
A: Illicit Financial Flows
In recent years, illicit financial flows have been at the center of international attention. The Panama Papers, which called into question the legitimacy of several state leaders, and the current Odebrecht/Petrobras scandal which has gripped almost all countries in Latin America, show the global scale on which illicit financial flows operate and facilitate corruption. These illegal flows are often connected to capital flight from the Global South, which makes equitable development even more complicated. Apart from this relationship to corruption, illicit financial flows are also used by terrorist organizations and transnational criminal networks. While the United Nations have adopted a Code of Conduct in 2007, the results have been meagre. A more comprehensive approach that pays attention to these different fields of illicit financial flows is needed to tackle the problem and to curb the negative effects illicit financial flows have on politics and society.
B: Prevention of Disasters caused by Infrastructure and Economic Developments
In the pursuit of profit and progress, governments and businesses often disregard the negative externalities that their projects might cause. The 2015 Southeast Asian haze, was one example of a disaster on a large level caused by illegal logging and negligence on the government level. More than 28 million people in Indonesia alone were affected by the crisis, and more than 140,000 reported respiratory illness. Soil erosion, flooding, landslides and forest fires are only some of the disasters caused by government projects and economic development. This type of disaster is more prevalent in developing nations, as these countries have little to no regulations or lack the capabilities to enforce existing laws. However, that is not to say that developed nations are perfect. In certain cases, multinational companies have the tendencies to exploit these gaps which worsen the conditions in these developing nations. When this problem is not address, millions of lives could be severely affected. The challenge of the international community is to find the balance between humanitarian needs, environmental protection, and economic progress