Improvement of Education in Rural Areas
Lawmakers and citizens are often trapped by the fallacy that urban children need the most assistance when it comes to issues of education. However, it is often forgotten that life for rural children can be every bit as challenging as for urban children. Although the right to a basic education for everyone is guaranteed in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, many rural areas still have limited access to schools, government services, teachers, or educational support. Complete school buildings can be rare in these areas, and it is difficult to recruit teachers to villages with poor living and working conditions. Upon this matter, the international community has to determine a plan of action to improve the level of education in rural areas while closing the gap of rural-urban inequalities, which remains a major obstacle to sustainable development.
Disaster Resilient Development
In the past decades, numerous natural disasters, such as Hurricane Matthew and the several earthquakes in Japan, have occurred around the world as a consequence of natural phenomena, climate change, and environmental degradation. The last 20 years have witnessed more than 7,000 natural disasters, killing more than a million people. The fact that 90 percent of these casualties occur in low-and middle-income countries suggests that these states are more vulnerable to natural disasters and the persistent impacts. Experiences with recent disaster recovery efforts highlight the need for guidance, structure and support to improve the way the international community addresses recovery challenges. In this respect, the adequacy of Official Development Assistance (ODA), which developing countries deem insufficient and developed nations perceive as inefficient, remains a constant issue. Given these challenges, the international community needs to find a middle ground in assisting developing countries.
Established in 1945 under the Charter of the United Nations, the General Assembly occupies a central position as the chief deliberative, policy-making and representative organ of the United Nations. Comprising all 192 Members of the United Nations, it provides a forum for multilateral discussion of the full spectrum of international issues covered by the Charter. It also plays a significant role in the process of standard-setting and the codification of international law. The Assembly meets in regular session intensively from September to December each year, and thereafter as required.