For the first time at TEIMUN, the International Court of Justice Council will be a MOOT Court.
A Moot Court is a common concept at law schools and is a simulation of an actual court. There are simulations of several kinds of courts, both for national and international law. For this conference we will be organizing an international simulation of the International Court of Justice. The applying delegates will be assigned to teams of 2 to 4 people. The teams will either represent the advocates of the ´applicant state´ or the ´respondent state´. The ‘applicant state’ is the party who brings the case before the ICJ, whereas the ‘respondent state’ is the defending party. At the TEIMUN conference, the role of judges will be taken up by the chairs.
The simulation will be held in rounds, which take about an hour and in which parties will make their arguments and respond to the other sides’ arguments. When you are not before court, you will work on your case and counter-arguments with your team. Moot Courts have a competitive element, since the parties before a court try to ´win´ the lawsuit. At the end of the conference there will be one team who will have won the case.
The Position of Torture in International Law
The case that will come before the International Court of Justice at this year´s edition of TEIMUN focuses around the ambiguous position of torture within International Law . Two countries will present their arguments regarding an extradition conflict. The countries disagree as to whether an individual who had been tried in one country and fled to the other before receiving punishment should be extradited. By refusing to extradite the individual, the country of origin (the plaintiff) claims that the current country of residence (the defendant) has broken international law and that they have breached the extradition treaty that exists between the two countries. However, the reason provided for failing to extradite the individual is the suspicion that the person will be the victim of torture when extradited and that the extradition would lead to a violation of the individual’s human rights. Delegates will work in teams, either representing the plaintiff or the defendant country in this case brought before the ICJ.
The International Court of Justice (ICJ) is the principal judicial organ of the United Nations. It was established in June 1945 by the Charter of the United Nations and began work in April 1946. The seat of the Court is at the Peace Palace in The Hague (Netherlands). Of the six principal organs of the United Nations, it is the only one not located in New York (United States of America). The Court’s role is to settle, in accordance with international law, legal disputes submitted to it by States and to give advisory opinions on legal questions referred to it by authorized United Nations organs and specialized agencies.
The Court is composed of 15 judges, who are elected for terms of office of nine years by the United Nations General Assembly and the Security Council. It is assisted by a Registry, its administrative organ. Its official languages are English and French.