The Human Rights Council at GrunnMUN 2019
The Ethics of Euthanasia
Euthanasia is a topic that is highly contentious by definition. It is “the intentional killing, by act or omission, of a dependent human being for his or her alleged benefit.” As of June 2015, human euthanasia is legal in the Netherlands, Belgium, Colombia, and Luxembourg. In September 2002, Belgium considered euthanasia to be a human right, highlighting its importance with regard to non-terminal patients, which was revolutionary, to say the least. Other countries such as New Zealand have made efforts in order to legalize the practice; however, after two attempts, a verdict still has not been reached. Hence, by analyzing the conflicting opinions nations hold on euthanasia, the global community is faced with an unresolved dilemma: should the ‘right to die’ be given a fundamental status?
At the outset, we expect delegates to analyze the agenda from a policy and ethical standpoint, which can include an economic stakeholder analysis. Delegates will also be required to explore various national laws on euthanasia in jurisdictions which monitor the practice. Delegates are also to be expected to face the moral reasoning that would affect certain country’s position. The delegates are also given a chance to go beyond the scope of normal Human rights council. Since the topic has yet to be addressed by the United Nations Human Rights Council, this gives considerable discretion to the delegates to present distinct viewpoint.
The Human Rights Council with its office in Geneva as it is today is one of the younger committees of the UN: it was created on March 15, 2006 to replace the United Nations Commission on Human Rights. Its 47 United Nations Member States are elected by the UN General Assembly. It is an inter-governmental body within the United Nations responsible for strengthening the promotion and protection of Human Rights all over the world and for addressing Human Rights violations all over the world. It has the ability to discuss all issues related to Human Rights and situations that require its attention, resulting in resolutions submitted to other UN bodies such as, but not limited to, the General Assembly and the Security Council.