The Security Council at GrunnMUN 2019

The Conflict in the South China Sea

The South China Sea is among the world’s epicentres of geopolitical competition. 30 percent of all global trade passes through the waterway each year. China and its East Asian neighbours, including Indonesia, Japan, The Philippines, and Vietnam all have territorial claims, and have established maritime defences in the area. The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (1982) decided that states can only control waters within 370 km off their coasts, referred to as Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZ). In cases zones overlap, which frequently occurs, neighbouring states need to decide on maritime borders themselves. The convention also states that areas that are not covered by EEZ’s should be treated as international waters, shared by every country in the world and freely accessible to them.

China’s territorial Sea claims span 1,600 km of water, which they outline with a Nine-Dash Line on government issued maps, and justify on a historical basis. It claims overlap with EEZ’s of Vietnam, the Philippines, Malaysia and Brunei and has lead to various disputes. The US however, regards the South China Sea as international waters, and wants it to be “free” for navigation under UN maritime law. Yearly, about $1.2 trillion of US-traded goods pass through this route. These tensions in the South China Sea have already pushed the countries involved to confrontation several times.

The international community has been vigorously trying to establish a diplomatic solution. At GrunnMUN, Delegates are expected to implement plans for long-term strategic stability in the region, focusing especially on the relationship between the US and China.

Council Information

The Security Council is, alongside the General Assembly, on of the  principal organs of the United Nations and is accorded its primary responsibility of upholding international peace and security by The Charter of the United Nations, which obligates all of its member states to settle their disputes in a peaceful manner.The Security Council is made up of 15-member states, which includes five permanent members; France, China, Russia, the United States and the United Kingdom, that possess veto power and another ten non-permanent countries elected by the General Assembly that serve a two-year term.

The Security Council convenes upon request by a member state in response to developing challenges to international peace and security and its decisions have to be carried out by all member states as stated under the UN Charter. The Security Council has advanced the use of non-military measures in order to reach peaceful settlements, including use of arms embargoes, economic sanctions, and protection of natural resources. The Council can also send a peacekeeping mission in case the dispute under discussion erupts into an armed conflict. They can also authorize the use of military force in dire situations.

SC Chairs at GrunnMUN 2019

Eelco Sibma

Eelco studied International Relations at the University of Groningen for 4 year before deciding it was time to wrap up. During these year he live in South Korea for 6 months as an exchange student where he attended Pusan National University and soju bars. Nowadays he is enjoying the responsibilities of being Vice-President and Integration Coordinator of the 31 st Board of ESN Groningen, with experiences which will certainly aid him in managing the squabbles of conniving backstabbers. Eelco has participated in several smaller MUNs in high school and was also a delegate to the previous TEIMUN.

Inés Faghihi

My name is Inés Faghihi, I am 21 years old and together with Eelco I will be serving as your Chair of the Security Council of GrunnMUN 2019. Originally I am from Bremen, however I moved to Groningen for my Economics and Business studies a little bit over two years ago. At the time of GrunnMUN, I will just have returned from my exchange semester in France and will be busy writing my Bachelor thesis. My Model United Nation path began in 2013 and over the past five years I have participated in about 20 or more MUNs or MEPs all around Europe as a delegate, a chair or the Secretary General/President. Next to my passion for international political and economic affairs, I share my heart with an equally big passion: standard ballroom dancing. Having participated in GrunnMUN 2018 and having enjoyed the special atmosphere, I am extremely happy to be part of this year’s GrunnMUN edition. I am excited for heated and productive debates and to meet all of you soon in Groningen!

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