Security Council

The European International Model United Nations

Security Council

The Security Council is, alongside the General Assembly, one of the principal organs of the United Nations and is primarily responsible for upholding international peace and security by The Charter of the United Nations, which obligates all of its member states to settle their disputes in a peaceful manner. The Security Council is made up of 15-member states, which include five permanent members; France, China, Russia, the United States and the United Kingdom, that possess veto power and another ten non-permanent countries elected by the General Assembly that serve a two-year term.

The Security Council convenes upon request by a member state in response to developing challenges to international peace and security and its decisions have to be carried out by all member states as stated under the UN Charter. The Security Council has advanced the use of non-military measures in order to reach peaceful settlements, including use of arms embargoes, economic sanctions, and protection of natural resources. The Council can also send a peacekeeping mission in case the dispute under discussion erupts into an armed conflict. They can also authorize the use of military force in dire situations.

Level: Advanced

Council Topics

Tackling environmental migration and establishing measures for the protection of people displaced across borders in the context of climate change

In 2018, the World Bank estimated that three regions (Latin America, sub-Saharan Africa, and Southeast Asia) will generate 143 million more climate migrants by 2050. In 2017, 68.5 million people were forcibly displaced, more than at any point in human history.

While it is difficult to estimate, approximately one-third of these (22.5 million to 24 million people) were forced to move by “sudden onset” weather events—flooding, forest fires after droughts, and intensified storms. While the remaining two-thirds of displacements are the results of other humanitarian crises, it is becoming obvious that climate change is contributing to so-called slow onset events such as desertification, sea-level rise, ocean acidification, air pollution, rain pattern shifts and loss of biodiversity. This deterioration will exacerbate many humanitarian crises and may lead to more people being on the move.

The topic of climate change has certainly polarized politicians and the general world community, with POTUS Donald Trump more than once stating he does not believe in it. In its first environmental rollback of 2020, the Trump administration aims to weaken regulations that require federal agencies to consider climate change when assessing the environmental impacts of new infrastructure projects. At the same time, the EU is working on the Green Deal for Europe which envisions that Europe will be the first climate-neutral continent in the world by 2050. This does not seem to enable quick support for all the migrants that have to leave their homes behind.

How can we bring together the topic of tackling environmental migration whilst also establishing measures of protection for those displaced across borders is of utmost importance?

Fighting terrorism – Ending the reign of Boko Haram

On February 9th, at least 30 civilians fell victim to yet another terrorist attack carried out by Boko Haram militants in Borno State, Nigeria. 18 cars of a sleeping train were set on fire in the late evening, burning both people and goods. This was the latest in a serries of attacks perpetrated by Boko Haram, a jihadist organisation that started in Nigeria and has spread to Chad, Niger and northern Cameroon.

The group is most internationally infamous for the kidnapping of 276 Chibok schoolgirls in 2014, out of which 112 are still missing. According to the New York Times, Boko Haram has, since its creation, displaced 2.3 million people from their homes, and in 2015 overtook the so-called Islamic State in the Global Terrorism Index.

In 2015, its leader also pledged allegiance to the Islamic State, which is why Boko Haram is also known as ‘Islamic State in West Africa’.

In the past year, many territories were taken back from Boko Haram, and their influence has since then declined, yet recent news shows that they still pose a threat to society.

How should the United Nations Security Council react on this menace, and end the threat of Boko Haram once and for all.

Council Chairs

Fred Hilton

Fred Hilton is a third year International Law student at the University of Groningen. Brought up in London, it was in high school where Fred developed an interest for the ever changing world of international politics.

After participating in TEIMUN 2018 as a delegate and chairing TEIMUN in 2019, Fred has become more involved with MUN.

Fred will endeavor to make the TEIMUN experience as fun and engaging as his previous TEIMUN conferences. Outside of the realm of International politics, Fred enjoys reading, origami and Netflix, often at the same time.

Alice Nesselrode

Alice Nesselrode is a last year European Studies student from Maastricht University. Originally from Germany, she has done internships all over the world, and loves traveling and meeting new cultures. The mix of many cultures (especially to be seen at the global village) is also why she immediately fell in love with TEIMUN the first time she participated in 2016, and she hasn’t missed an edition since then.

Before chairing the Security council, she has chaired the UNHRC, has created crises for all council as part of the crisis team and been a passionate member of the TEIMUN journalists.

Apart from that, she greatly enjoys event management, journalism and philosophy, and is always down for political discussions over a good beer or a dry white wine. Alice is looking forward to meeting you all at TEIMUN 2020 as chair of the Security Council!

Claudia Caldentey Santana

Claudia Caldentey Santana is a second year International Relations and International Organization student at the University of Groningen.
She comes from Spain where her passion for diplomatic debate started. In high school she was offered the chance to participate in a Model United Nations conference in Munich and as she applied and got selected thereafter, a defining and special experience would follow. Model United Nations opened a new world full of positivity, growth and mutual enrichment, where people were motivated, friendly and open.
After having participated several times as a delegate in Model United Nations conferences in Munich and New York City, and chairing at GrunnMUN 2020, she decided to chair the Security Council at TEIMUN 2020. She is extremely excited to meet the delegates and cannot wait to hear and coordinate substantial and fruitful debates.