The European Council at TEIMUN 2019
The European Council is the highest authoritative organ of the European Union. It is composed of the leaders of the 28 Member States, along with the President of the European Commission, and is chaired by the president of the European Council. It gathers the executive power of the member states and thus has a great influence in high-profile policy areas over which the more supranational institutions of the EU have less authority, like foreign policy. The meetings of the European Council, still commonly referred to as EU summits, take place at least twice every six months; usually in the Europa building in Brussels. Unlike other organs of the EU and UN, the European Council requires unanimity on the part of its members for every decision. In effect, each delegate to this council has a Veto Right, which forces negotiations to take place in a more cooperative and consensus-searching manner.
Normally, the European Council focuses only on the Union’s broad strategy and goals: Its purpose is to identify problems and challenges faced by the EU and propose strategic approaches to solving them. At TEIMUN 2019, the European Council will still set the overall direction of the EU on a particular problem but, for the sake of a broader and more substantive understanding of the issue, also allow for detailed solutions to them in the form of resolutions, which would normally be the role of the commission. Thus, the ordinary legislative procedure is circumvented and you will have both legislative power and a final say on which laws get enacted.
For you, this means that your discussions and proposals will have a real effect on the EU and its Member States as a whole: not only will you get to decide what the broad strategy of problem resolution, you will also get the opportunity to enact and enforce important and detailed changes to the way the EU works.
Topic 1: Future EU foreign policy towards the MENA Region
Since 2015, the Migrant Crisis has been an on and off fixture in media. Europe as a whole has been polarized according to different views on what is to be done about the millions of people making their way to the continent, and this has even allowed for populism to gain power in various states across the EU. This represents a problem for the Union’s ‘’unity in diversity’’, a problem that must be confronted.
A reinvigorated, coordinated EU foreign policy in the Middle East and North Africa region (MENA), in cooperation with regional partners,could be a solution to the refugee crisis. Action must be taken at the root causes in the countries of Libya, Afghanistan and Iraq, all three of which are seen as the most important catalysts of the crisis for different reasons.
Topic 2: Future EU Foreign Policy towards the Eastern Adherent Countries
Moldova, Belarus, Ukraine. All three of these countries share large borders with the European Union, and all three of them suffer from major issues of corruption, poor democratic involvement by their populations, endemic socio-economic issues and other problems. Crucially, all three are also countries that have a long history of both cooperation and struggle with the Russian Federation. At the same time, they have at times expressed their wish to become Member States of the EU, and have already become a part of the European Neighborhood Policy as Eastern Partnership countries. In the context of an EU still reeling from the effects of Brexit and attempting to re-orient it’s direction, what is to be done about these potential new member states?
Delegates will have the opportunity to discuss further expansion of the European Union Eastward. During this process, they will also get to propose solutions to the various issues affecting each country on the road to accession. The discussions are bound to include questions over institutional calibration, ideology, the domestic support in member states for enlargement and the interests of the Russian Federation.