The General Assembly is the main deliberative, policymaking and representative organ of the UN, established in 1945 under the charter of the United Nations. All 193 members states of the United Nations are members of the General Assembly with equal representation. The Assembly acts as a forum for multilateral discussions on a wide array of international issues covered by the UN Charter. The Assembly also plays a significant role in the process of standard-setting and the codification of international law. The General Assembly meets at annual sessions, the main parts lasted from September to December each year, and thereafter as required.
Topics of TEIMUN 2018
A: Illicit Financial Flows
In recent years, illicit financial flows have been at the center of international attention. The Panama Papers, which called into question the legitimacy of several state leaders, and the current Odebrecht/Petrobras scandal which has gripped almost all countries in Latin America, show the global scale on which illicit financial flows operate and facilitate corruption. These illegal flows are often connected to capital flight from the Global South, which makes equitable development even more complicated. Apart from this relationship to corruption, illicit financial flows are also used by terrorist organizations and transnational criminal networks. While the United Nations have adopted a Code of Conduct in 2007, the results have been meagre. A more comprehensive approach that pays attention to these different fields of illicit financial flows is needed to tackle the problem and to curb the negative effects illicit financial flows have
on politics and society.
B: Man-made Famine
30 million people in North-Eastern Nigeria, South-Sudan, Somalia, and Yemen are on the brink of facing a man-made famine. The hunger crisis has resulted in severe malnutrition and dire conditions where, currently, 10 million people are facing emergency and famine conditions. Oxfam defines famine as “an extreme lack of food and other basic needs where starvation, death, and destitution are evident.” In terms of global famine, more than 30% of the world’s population who are acutely malnourished, and two out of every 10,000 people die from starvation globally. The four aforementioned countries are not the only ones facing a hunger crisis though. Food insecurity is where people’s access to basic food is precarious, and the population has trouble meeting basic needs. Food insecurity is prevalent in many developing countries, and has a plethora of causes, ranging from failed crop seasons, poverty, to the disappearance of usable lands to farm. Food insecurity has the potential to evolve into a humanitarian crisis and even a famine if left untreated. These problems are exacerbated by man-made causes. What can the General Assembly do to aid those suffering from man-made famines and what role should international organizations play?