The North Atlantic Council at TEIMUN 2019
The North Atlantic Council (NAC) is the highest and most important political governing body of NATO, the world’s foremost political-military alliance. The NAC meets frequently at various levels, from the Permanent Representatives to the Heads of States of all 29 member states. Together, they decide on the major questions of security requiring collective action and issue joint communiqués to the public.
The NAC is thus effectively steering the most powerful military alliance in the world. Its unanimous decision-making process requires representatives to extensively negotiate with all 28 partners and arrive at a common accord. Delegates will come to a joint communiqué rather than a resolution, which illustrates the broad collective position of the member states on a particular issue, in preparation for more in depth technical arrangements.
Topic 1: Revisiting the War on Terror: Balancing Verdicts and Looking Beyond
More than a decade ago, the attack on the WTC in New York shook the world. To say that in its aftermath a lot has happened would be an understatement. Under the guiding principles of the war on terror, the international community undertook action to ensure the prevention of any other terrorist actions. New technology is quickly enabling more diverse and rapid addresses to violence and various counter terrorism operations and structural rebuilding programmes have been initiated so far, but they have not eradicated terrorism globally.
Nonetheless, we shouldn’t forget that terrorism has been a method of projecting power since ancient times. Terror is a concept which has existed since before the French revolution, but it has not always caught the attention of the public eye to the extent that it has today. Should organizations, such as NATO, just have waited out mass fear and hysteria or have very real results been established through it’s active responses with justified goals? What went wrong, what went well and what can we learn? What new path should NATO undertake on the basis of these lessons learned, also incorporating the challenges of the future? At the onset of NATO’s 70th anniversary, it is time for delegates to critically reflect on the past and forge NATO’s approach to terrorism into the future, drafting ambitious, long-term structural reform proposals.
Topic 2: Geopolitics and Innovation: Technology at the Core of NATO Deterrence
Whether it was the invention of the chariot, gun powder or ballistic missiles, technological
enhancements have always stood at the forefront of military conduct. Today this seems clear as well, with cyber capabilities, remotely piloted aircraft or artificial intelligence’s increased adoption in militaries around the world. The extent to which technology does not only impact military conduct but power balances is still somewhat unclear, since their applications are a new development. We could apply this uncertainty on the most subtle of NATO balances: its role as a deterrent towards potential Russian assertive geopolitical behavior.
An advanced technological military has always supported the NATO deterrent. Think of conventional forces equipped with the latest assault rifles, tanks and nuclear arms for example. Would the integration of new technologies not be more of the same sort of enablement of deterrence? Or can an increased capacity to target and discriminate between enemies tip a long lasted balance of power? In this simulation delegates will be tasked with finding an answer to these question in relation to NATO’s role as deterrent of Russia.