The North Atlantic Council at TEIMUN 2019
The North Atlantic Council (NAC) is the highest and most important political governing body of NATO, the world’s foremost political-military alliance. The NAC meets frequently at various levels, from the Permanent Representatives to the Heads of States of all 29 member states. Together, they decide on the major questions of security requiring collective action and issue joint communiqués to the public.
The NAC is thus effectively steering the most powerful military alliance in the world. Its unanimous decision-making process requires representatives to extensively negotiate with all 28 partners and arrive at a common accord. Delegates will come to a joint communiqué rather than a resolution, which illustrates the broad collective position of the member states on a particular issue, in preparation for more in depth technical arrangements.
Topic 1: Revisiting the War on Terror: Balancing Verdicts and Looking Beyond
More than a decade ago, the attack on the WTC in New York shook the world. To say that in its aftermath a lot has happened would be an understatement. Under the guiding principles of the war on terror, the international community undertook action to ensure the prevention of any other terrorist actions. New technology is quickly enabling more diverse and rapid addresses to violence and various counter terrorism operations and structural rebuilding programmes have been initiated so far, but they have not eradicated terrorism globally.
Nonetheless, we shouldn’t forget that terrorism has been a method of projecting power since ancient times. Terror is a concept which has existed since before the French revolution, but it has not always caught the attention of the public eye to the extent that it has today. Should organizations, such as NATO, just have waited out mass fear and hysteria or have very real results been established through it’s active responses with justified goals? What went wrong, what went well and what can we learn? What new path should NATO undertake on the basis of these lessons learned, also incorporating the challenges of the future? At the onset of NATO’s 70th anniversary, it is time for delegates to critically reflect on the past and forge NATO’s approach to terrorism into the future, drafting ambitious, long-term structural reform proposals.
Topic 2: NATO Police: A Panacea to International Crimes
The problem of enforcement of international law is one of the most discussed among the global community. The pre-eminence of sovereignty means that the main and only obligation within the international legal order is the pacta sunt servanda principle that orders states to perform their obligations in good faith. However, there is no way to make a state ratify a particular treaty after signing it or to force a direct enforcement of it on the state in case of non – compliance. NATO is an international organisation operating under the rules and principles of International law. Therefore the problem of enforcement touches it as well. NATO, like any other international organisation, does not maintain an official executive organ that can enforce its orders and regulations directly on the states.
In discussing the concept of a NATO police, delegates will face the most controversial problem of state sovereignty and its implications on NATO and its policies. They will try to find a balanced approach between the legitimate interests of states and of the international community, as well as the promises of efficient and across-the board implementation of policies in a period of increased strategic competition from Russia and China. Enhancement of the enforcement powers of NATO by several means will be at the heart of the debate. As a consequence of this discussion, delegates should find a way to improve compliance with NATO policies by states by considering ambitious, structural long-term solutions.