Security Council

The European International Model United Nations

The Security Council at TEIMUN 2019

Council Information

On the SC
On the Activities of the SC
On the SC

The Security Council is, alongside the General Assembly, one of the principal organs of the United Nations and is accorded its primary responsibility of upholding international peace and security by the Charter of the United Nations, which obligates all of its member states to settle their disputes in a peaceful manner.
The Security Council is made up of 15-member states, which includes five permanent members; France, China, Russia, the United States and the United Kingdom, that possess veto power and another ten non-permanent countries elected by the General Assembly that serve a two-year term.

 

On the Activities of the SC

The Security Council convenes upon request by a member state in response to developing challenges to international peace and security and its decisions have to be carried out by all member states as stated under the UN Charter. The Security Council has advanced the use of non-military measures in order to reach peaceful settlements and these include use of arms embargoes, economic sanctions, the protection of natural resources and taking a leading role in counter terrorism efforts. The Council can send a peacekeeping mission in the event the dispute under discussion erupts into an armed conflict. They can also authorize the use of military force in dire situations.

Topic 1: The West Bank and Gaza Strip Conflict


Delegates are expected not to place the blame on any one side but to tackle the deeply rooted historical, political and cultural aspects of this topic through pragmatic negotiations, and by considering ambitious structural long-term solutions to the problem.

The Conflict and the Way Forward
The Conflict and the Way Forward

The conflict on the West Bank and Gaza strip has eluded an effective resolution by the United Nations for over 70 years. A deeply politically polarised issue which has poisoned pragmatic discourse, tensions between Jews and Arabs have led to repeated uprisings and direct armed conflicts between regional states. The two states proposal, long viewed as one of the only viable solutions, has been under strain in recent years. President Trump moved the US embassy to Jerusalem, and the Israeli parliament approved the ‘’nation state law’’, which classified the Hebrew language above Arabic and mentions the special rights of Jews to self determination. Increased attacks by Hamas, heightened involvement from Hezbollah since the Syrian Civil War and unending radicalisation by the parties has festered into what seems like an untenable problem.

Amongst the recent flaring up of violence in these contested territories once again, the international community must return to this decade-long heated and controversial topic in the spirit of long-term reform and sustainability. Delegates are expected not to place the blame on any one side but to tackle the deeply rooted historical, political and cultural aspects of this topic through pragmatic negotiations, and by considering ambitious structural long-term solutions to the problem.


Click here to read the Background Paper on this topic

Topic 2: Crisis in Venezuela


In light of the recent boiling over of tensions and worsening of endemic problems, the topic has also become increasingly relevant to the international community. Only a multi-layered and inclusive response can tackle a crisis of such wide and varied dimensions, all of which feed into each other.

The Crisis in Venezuela in Recent Years
The Crisis in Venezuela in Recent Years

Venezuela is plagued by a hotbed of issues ranging from a dwindling economic situation to a political crisis. Rampant corruption in the government, and an unwillingness from officials to address it have left these issues ripe to fester. Democratic institutions and macro-economic health is at a breaking point. Directly (as a result of confrontations between protestors and the government) and indirectly (due to shortages of basic needs) it has led to thousands of deaths, and a refugee situation which in 2018 is estimated to include 35.000 Venezuelans crossing the border each day. It has now become a regional problem, and has already attracted the attention of the United States.

In light of the recent boiling over of tensions and worsening of endemic problems, the topic has also become increasingly relevant to the international community. Only a multi-layered and inclusive response can tackle a crisis of such wide and varied dimensions, all of which feed into each other. Delegates must tackle the deeply rooted historical, economic, political and diplomatic aspects of this topic through pragmatic negotiations, and by considering ambitious structural long-term solutions to the problem.


Click here to read the Background Paper on this topic

The Chairs

Jochem Lammersma

Jochem is a 22 years old pre-master student in International Relations at the University of Groningen. He recently finished his Bachelor in History at that same university (aka: Game of Thrones in real life), where he also became familiar with TEIMUN. Jochem participated in the NAC of TEIMUN 2017 and last year he was part of the organizing Board of Directors as Vice-Chairman. Besides all this serious stuff, Jochem enjoys cracking up from his own horrible jokes, pretending to speak (non-sensical) French and believes the occasional consumption of pizza is a human right. This TEIMUN veteran looks forward to seeing friends made from last year’s conferences again and to meet the many new people coming to TEIMUN 2019. Feel free to approach Jochem during the session breaks or socials as he would love to meet many of the delegates

Joviana Henza

Joviana Henza is a third year law student in Universitas Indonesia which concentrate her studies on Public International Law. Her interest of security issues arises during her first TEIMUN experience as a delegate and continued during her experience in MUN behind both sides of the table consecutively. Not only MUN, her experience also involves numerous projects and recently having her internships on one of the top law firms in Indonesia. Apart from her professional career, she enjoy herself making random playlist on Spotify and having small talks with coffee discussing about contemporary art. As her first and second TEIMUN experience are unforgettable, she is excited to share the experience that she gained for this year!